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Agybai batyr

Agybai batyr Konyrbaiuly is a legendary warrior of the Kazakh people, just and courageous, one of the leaders of the uprising against colonial policy. Skilfully owned the riding tactics of conducting military operations, a far-sighted commander.

  • Biography
  • According to the legend

Agybai batyr Konyrbaiuly is a legendary warrior of the Kazakh people, just and courageous, one of the leaders of the uprising against colonial policy. Skilfully owned the riding tactics of conducting military operations, a far-sighted commander.

Agybai was born in 1802 in the village, located at the foot of the Ulytau mountain in the Karaganda region. It originates from the genus of the Shurbytpala of the Argyn tribe of the Middle Zhuz. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, the mother of the batyr, Koysana, comes from the influential tribe of the middle Zhuz – the Terror. She was a prominent woman, a large and strong physique, the daughter of a loyal friend and standard-bearer Abylai Khan batyr Naimantayuly Baigoza. From her and the boy inherited two-meter height, the breadth of the shoulders, remarkable strength and endurance. From the age of 12 Agybai remained without a father. For the first time the batyr took up arms and skillfully distinguished himself from his combat possession on a fast horse from the age of 13.

The young man saw raids on peaceful auls, cruel oppression of steppe feudal lords – subjects of the Russian Crown, mockery of the local population. All this was the cause of the uprising in 1824 in the Karkaraly region, in which the batyr took an active part against the colonial policy of Russia. Agybai created his supreme tactics of warfare, for which he was nicknamed “Akzholtai batyr” in the people, his name served as a motto. Warriors, along with the name Abylaya name Agybaya turned into a battle cry.

Agybai batyr participated in the establishment of ambassadorial relations with the Turkic-speaking peoples for a united struggle against the policy of tsarism. After Sultan Kasim was killed, the warriors led by Agybai defeated the Uzbek army at the Shu River, thus weakening the influence of Uzbeks in the Turkestani Territories. During the period of 1826-1849 warriors Agybai batyr repeatedly won victories in battles against the regular troops of the Russian Empire. They attacked military fortifications – Karkaraly, Aktau, Akmola. There were also battles along the rivers Irgiz, Tobol, in Kokshetau, Kyzylzhar, which often ended with the victory of Kazakh soldiers.
Agybai batyr showed special valor in the battles against Kirghiz manap Ormans. He also took part in the defense of Turkestan, protecting the tomb of Ahmed Yassaui. Much later, in the Southern Pribalkhash, Agybai conducted enlightenment activities, built a mosque, he had two wives and four sons.
According to legend, when they planned to execute Kenasary Khan his last words were: “Saryar-damai-jay-kayda, Akhibaidai yer kaida?”.
After the death of Kenesary Khan Agybai batyr continued to fight under the command of Syzdyktor with the Russian colonialists. Until 1849, he and his detachment attacked Russian fortresses.
In his old age Agybai lived alone, spent time hunting, farming, and died in 1885 in the town of Tasaral near Lake Balkhash.
The life of Agybai, completely given to the struggle for the independence of the Kazakh people, was reflected in the work of historians and writers. Information about the batyr is stored in the archives of Orenburg, Omsk and other cities of Russia, not to mention the domestic historical museums. In Y. Yesenberlin’s novel The Nomads, virtually all the military operations in which Khan Kene and Agybai batyr participated were described. The writer clearly described how they took the fortresses of Aktau, Ortau, Akmola fortress, how they fought with the Kokand Khanate, freeing Merke, cities founded by the Syr Darya River. It is noteworthy that the French writer Jules Verne also has a work called Khan Kene, whose characters are Kenesary, his brother Nauryzbai batyr and other batyrs, where Vern presented his vision of the life of nomads. In the XIX century the book was available only in French, in the 20th century appeared in Russian. Outstanding Kazakh scientist A.Bokeikhanov in 1914 in Kazan published a book about Agybai batyr “Kyzyzyl Kainar Tektrmas”. In the thirties, S. Seifullin wrote the novel Akzholtai batyr, which was destroyed in the years of repression. M. Auezov in the book “History of Kazakh Literature” to the famous batyr took a whole chapter. I. Bayzakov devoted a poem to him. In the famous monograph of Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor E. Bekmakhanov, the heroic personality of Agybai batyr passes in a context of historical events of the XIX century.

In 1992, in the city of Zhezkazgan, Karaganda region, the 190th anniversary of the Agybai batyr was celebrated at the republican level, and in 2002 the 200th anniversary in the town of Balkhash. The name of the legendary hero is now immortalized in history and in the memory of the people.

According to the legend, before the death Agybai batyr pointed out a place near the mountains of Taitkan and Shunak and said that after his burial people will come and build the grave themselves. However, after the death of the batyr, his descendants wrote a letter to the tsar asking him to allow the burial of the asylum in the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassavi in ​​Turkestan, but about a year later the refusal of the Russian authorities came and he was buried in the area of ​​Tayatkan-Shunak on the border of Saryarka and Betpakdala. After his ashes were surrendered to the earth, when they gave him “tama” (about which everyone who took part in the burial was present), people came to the chapars and built the grave of the batyr in 40 days, after these people, no one had ever met. On every brick that was made there are Arabic inscriptions “Aғzam”. It is known that the same inscriptions exist only in some places of our planet. None of the people on earth can not read the inscriptions on the subject even came to the Arabs, and said that each of these characters and their 8 carries the meaning of an entire book and these eight characters together reveal the meaning and essence of all creation.

Introduction