- О нем
- Complex of objects
- Literary Museum I. Yesenberlin
- Monument to I. Yesenberlin
- Residential house I. Yesenberlin
- A photo
Ilyas Esenberlin was born on January 10, 1915 in the town of Atbasar in the Akmola region. His childhood and youth coincided with the notorious events of the 20-30s, when the whole nation experienced social upheavals, poverty and hunger. For Ilyas, this blow was doubly felt, since he was an orphan at an early age of five. Ilyas was taken to an orphanage. There the future writer wrote poetry for wall newspaper.
After the end of the primary school, Ilyas went to Kyzyl-Orda and began to study at a boarding school, then got a job in the district executive committee in the town of Karsakpay. In the summer, in Karsakpay came the order for training courses in the Mining and Metallurgical Institute in Alma-Ata, and Ilyas became a student of the Mining Faculty. He very quickly became a notable person in the institute. When in 1937 the First Extraordinary Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan took place, which hosted the first constitution of the Kazakh SSR, the student Esenberlin was elected a delegate of this congress.
In 1940 he graduated from the Kazakh Mining and Metallurgical Institute and was sent to work in Dzhezkazgan, and in the autumn he was drafted into the Red Army. He continued his studies at the Riga Military-Political School. He went to the front, in January 1942, seriously wounded in the leg at Staraya Russa, a year in the hospital in Kostroma, in 1943, he was disability commissar and returned to Kazakhstan. He was awarded two medals – “For Military Merit” and “For the Defense of Leningrad”. From 1942 to 1947 he worked as an instructor in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan . From 1947 to 1951 he was the director of the Kazakh State Philharmonic.
At the end of the war Esenberlin marries the daughter of Khamza Jusupbekov, the commissar of justice who was shot in 1937, and brings from ALZHIR a mother-in-law, the widow of a repressed people’s commissar. Thus, falls under the hood of the NKVD. And in 1951 he was arrested and sentenced to 10 years in the camps. He was sent to the construction of the Karakum Canal as a mining engineer for explosive work, but in 1953 he was amnestied. On release he works in the Ministry of Geology of the Kazakh SSR, then as the head of the department at the Bersughir mine. If before the arrest he wrote poetry (the poems “Aisha” and “Sultan” (1945) and the collection “Songs of Nobility” (1949), then he switched prose (“Story of a Man” (1957), “On the River Bank” (1960) From 1958 he was editor of the script-editorial board of the film studio Kazakhfilm, since 1962 – editor of Kazgoslitizdat, since 1967 – director of the publishing house Zhazushy, then secretary of the board of the Writers’ Union of Kazakhstan (1971-1975). creative work, which resulted in 15 novels in 16 years.
Авторы: Ильяс Есенберлин
Авторы: Ильяс Есенберлин
|Маңғыстау майданы. Аманат
Авторы: Ильяс Есенберлин
|Қатерлі өткел. Алтын құс
Авторы: Ильяс Есенберлин
Literary Museum I. Yesenberlin
The Atbasar district has a rich unique history from ancient times to modern times. The chronicle of history begins in 1845. this time of foundation is three versts from the strengthening of the Atbasar Cossack village as a sedentary settlement for guarding and guarding trade caravans. The town of Atbasar is the birthplace of the famous Kazakh writer, laureate of the Kazakh SSR State Prize of the Kazakh SSR. Abay Ilyas Esenberlin, where his childhood and youth passed.
The first material about the great countryman began to be collected by the students and teachers of the secondary school No. 1 in Atbasar. A circle was organized and a cabinet was allocated. The council of the circle kept in constant correspondence with the writer’s family (there is an album with letters). In the office there was an organized exhibition of books, a corner of “The Biography of the Writer”, wall newspapers were produced, a literary hour was held at which the students read Esenberlin’s books.
December 24, 1999. with the active support of the city administration and the writer’s family, a solemn opening of the literary museum of Ilyas Esenberlin, the author of remarkable historical novels such as “Nomads” and “Golden Horde”, laureate of the State Prize of KazSSR named after Abai was held. A rich exposition fund was collected by the local lore Klara Amirova, the son of the writer Kozykorpesh Esenberlin, brother Raunak Yesenberlin.
The museum is dedicated to the life and work of I. Esenberlin and consists of 4 halls: this is the childhood and youth of the writer; his participation in the Great Patriotic War; labor activity; literary creativity.
The most valuable exhibits of the museum are the personal belongings of the writer. These are letters, mail, books of the writer, manuscript, jubilee medals, family photos. In the next room, the interior of Ilyas Esenberlin’s office, created on the basis of his personal belongings, is presented. Here is his desk, behind which he wrote his remarkable works, notebook, telephone directory, favorite dombra and numerous documents and photographs.
In the museum’s fund there is a unique record – “the living voice of the writer”, the manuscript of the book “The Lost Ocean”, a collection of books with autographs, family photos and photographs in the circle of associates, documentary films about the life and work of I. Yesenberlin, interview with the writer’s son.
Various forms of cultural and educational activities of the museum are diverse: thematic excursions, lessons, lectures, literary and musical evenings, literary and play compositions for children, literary contests among schoolchildren of the city. Such as the annual “Esenberlin Readings”, where students of the senior classes show dramatized excerpts from the works of I. Esenberlin; the action “Night at the Museum” on “On the waves of our memory”, where all plunged into those far Soviet times. Before entering the museum, there was a free buffet, a children’s playground, and a reception of waste paper. The audience was presented with a retro defile of personal belongings of Dilara-apay and Ilyas-aga from the museum’s funds. They also remembered how they accepted the pioneers. It has become a tradition in the museum to hold a contest of poems of his own composition “Mushayra”, dedicated to the homeland, writers and fellow countrymen.
Created in order to identify, collect, store, study and promote the creativity and literary heritage of I. Yesenberlin, the museum staff today conducts an active cultural and educational, research and methodological work with the residents of the city, maintain close ties with the writer’s family who help in replenishing the museum’s funds.
Monument to I. Yesenberlin
Great Kazakh writer, author of the historical trilogy “Nomads”. Ilyas Esenberlin was born on January 10, 1915 in Atbasar in the family of a carpenter. Spiritual strength and spiritual wealth “merged” in Ilyas’s mind even in early childhood. The formation of the personality of the future writer was greatly influenced by his communication with the famous akyn Kambay, who sang beautifully and played a dombra and knew a great many old traditions and fats. Long hours akyn “caressed the ear and soul of a little boy and his aulchan.” It was from Kabaia that Ilyas heard about Asan Kaygy and Bukhar Zhyrau, Yedige and Koblandy, Kenesary, the heroes of his future novels. This little-known akyn managed to transfer the spiritual accumulation accumulated over centuries to the future writer. Ilyas and his brother Ravnak were orphaned early, their parents died during the epidemic of smallpox. My brother was sheltered by relatives, and nine-year-old Ilyas became a homeless child. Weakened, sick, almost dying of hunger, he was identified in an orphanage. And then there was study at the workers’ faculty, and then at the Almaty Mining and Metallurgical Institute, which he graduated in 1940. While studying at school, Ilyas showed amazing mathematical skills: he was able to quickly analyze and systematize various events and events, and besides, he was very fond of and well-versed in Kazakh folklore, enjoyed reading world literary classics, painted and loved horses. By nature, he was cheerful and optimistic, had a strong will, great patience and phenomenal memory. In the first days of the Great Patriotic War, Ilyas was mobilized to the front. At the end of 1943 Esenberlin was seriously wounded and spent almost a year in the hospital. Returning to Alma-Ata, he, in spite of warnings, married the daughter of the writer, comrade S. Seifullin, who was declared “the enemy of the people” and shot in 1937. Since that time, the persecution of Ilyas Esenberlin by the authorities began. At first he was removed from work, and then a criminal case was opened. Condemning the writer for 10 years, he was sent to certain death – the construction of the Karakum Canal. “Heat, hunger, disease and unbearable labor mowed people like grass,” says Kozykorpesh, the son of Yesenberlin. “My father was rescued by the fact that he was a mining engineer and led a responsible site – blasting …” After Stalin’s death, Ilyas Yesenberlin was released, rehabilitated, and he and his wife went to work in the Semipalatinsk region for mines. Ilyas Bensberlin began to write while in the war. His first poetic works were published in 1945. But only in the postwar period, he realized that literary creativity is his vocation. Having moved to Alma-Ata and got a job as an ordinary editor in the publishing house of fiction, Ilyas began work on his first novel, The Song of Man. Later Esenberlin moved to the film studio, where he was among his close friends Kapan Satybaldin, Shaken Aimanov, Olzhas Suleimenov and other famous masters of art and literature. At the film studio, he edited many films, wrote dozens of screenplays and plays, but, by his own admission, he could not become a professional playwright. Great attention was paid to the writer’s study of the history of his people. He studied scientific monographs, visited archives, carefully and painstakingly studied the original sources. There was a continuous process of accumulation and processing of material for the first conceived historical novel. And in 1965, in just three months, Esenberlin wrote the first book of his famous trilogy “Kahar”, and soon the whole trilogy, giving it a new name – “Nomads”. The pain for their homeland, for their people – this is the feeling that contributed to the writer’s deep penetration into the historical past of his country. It is no accident that the writer’s son says: “In my father I saw a true patriot.” After the trilogy “The Nomads” historical works were created “The Golden Horde”, “The Dangerous Crossing”, novels on the themes of the present “Golden Bird”, “Fight” and many others. The works of Ilyas Esenberlin differ in the significance of the problems raised and in the boldness of their decisions, in the coloring of the characters they have drawn. He managed to rethink in them a seemingly familiar material. Ilyas Esenberlin died on October 5, 1983 from a heart rupture. On the day when his son brought him a newly published five-volume work of his works.
The opening of the monument is timed to the 100th anniversary of the writer, celebrated within the framework of UNESCO. The author of the monument is the sculptor, member of the Union of Artists of the Republic of Kazakhstan Ivan Leonidovich Sedletsky. The sculpture is made of bronze at JSC “Kamkor-Lokomotiv”, a height of 2.5 meters, is installed on a pedestal of red-brown granite with a height of 3 meters. Territory (25×40 m) is landscaped (flower beds, paving stones).
Source: I. Esenberlin Literary Museum, Atbasar.
Residential house I. Yesenberlin.
In the year 1895, on the outskirts of the city of Atbasar, not far from the river Zhabai on the street. Soviet 48 was built a wooden house of three rooms. The house was built by the father of the writer Esenberly and his brother Zuppai. As the writer’s brother Raunak Esenberlin recalls: “As a child, we often heard that the twin brothers Esenberly and Zhuppai were carpenters, and they built more than one house in the city. I remember the last summer of our life in our house. We lived poorly, almost half-starving. In the morning after a meager breakfast, usually, they were arranged on the western side of the house in the shade, and Ilyas told us fairy tales, fairy tales were interesting and endless. “In this house Ilyas Esenberlin spent his childhood with his parents, sister Nazim and brother Raunak. I.Esenberlin’s home is preserved, a memorial plaque is installed at home “An outstanding Kazakh writer Ilyas Esenberlin was born in this house.” The house is privately owned, the state is not protected. This house is more than 120 years old. In memory of the outstanding writer in 1994, Sovetskaya Street was renamed to ul. them. I. Yesenberlin. For the guests of the city, the newlyweds became a tradition to pay tribute to the famous Kazakh writer of world significance, because his novels were translated into 30 languages of the world. After all, their hearts are filled with feelings of pride for the land of the native, giving the world such a person