There are not many places on the vast Kazakh land of such amazing natural beauty places, like Zerenda.
- General information
There are not many places on the vast Kazakh land of such amazing natural beauty places, like Zerenda. There are many versions and legends on the origin of the name “Zerenda”.
In the fifties of the last century, the writer Safuan Shaimerdenov studying the name of the village “Zerenda” indicates that most likely the toponym goes back to the Mongolian word “grains” – the saiga. In the Mongolian steppes and forests to this day there is an animal “grains” similar to our roe deer. We know from history that our ancestors had relations with the Mongolian people. That’s why such names appeared on our land as “Berkutts”, “Tulkily”, “Maraldy”, and it is not surprising that Zerenda’s name came from the word “grains”.
As the village Zerenda was formed in 1824 on the shore of a picturesque lake. At that time the well-known rural manager Tirzhan kazy lived in this region. About the ancestors of the volost administrator, the people said: “If you beat us like Tinibek, if you’re as rich as a Hangar.” This wealth and this power were in Tirzhan. After the formation of the village, which continued the customs of the ancestors, the fair Tirjan moved to the western foot of the Zerendinskaya hill. Currently, his grave is in the western part of the village of Baiterek.
According to the state archive, since 1824 Zerenda developed as a Cossack village. The first settlers were the Efimovs, Petrovs, Svetlichnye, Orlovs. Even today their descendants live in the village of Zerenda.
Picturesque places of lakes, coastal forests, gently sloping hills have always been the favorite places not only of the common people, but also of the khans. The evidence is that in these places there is an ancient gravestone of the great Ualiy-khan, who is the ancestor of the enlightener, the scholar Shokan Ualikhanov.
The indigenous Kazakhs of Serebryans are proud of their valorous ancestors, batyrs, bravely defending their lands from enemies. Batyrs Kalak, Shauypkel, Arlan and Shamai, adviser, commander, associate of Abylai khan Kanay bi, endowed with a special gift of clairvoyance, deep confidence of Abylai Khan, adviser to Paradise, Kenesary Khan’s amiable benevolent Bogenbai bi, ally of Kanay biya Musakul-baluan.
One of the famous leaders of the Kazakhs was the chief adviser of Abylai Khan, an experienced commander Karaul Kanay bi, born in 1695 on the grain of the land. There are reports that in the last years of his life he was an emir of the city of Tashkent. Buried in the mausoleum of Ahmet Yasawi’s skin. In 1999, in connection with the repair of the mausoleum was reburied, on the grave there is a tombstone.
The young generation of Sriendi also continued the heroic traditions of their ancestors, three of whom became Heroes of the Soviet Union, ten awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.
The history of the Zernendi region is very rich. It can not be described in a short article. You rarely meet a person indifferent to your land, to the places where you were born and raised, lived and worked. More often than not, we can not even explain that the subtle threads of the heart and soul are attached to a particular city, district or street. Probably, it is with this that a love for the Fatherland, a love for the world that surrounds you develop.
Zerendinsky district was founded in 1935.
On the territory of the district there are 1 settlement, 1 village and 20 rural districts, there are 79 settlements.
A short geographical description of the Zerenda region
Zerenda – aul, the administrative center of the district since 1935. Located 50 km south-south-west of the regional center of Kokshetau, near the south-eastern shore of the picturesque lake of the same name, surrounded by pine and mixed forests. Through the Zerendy is the Kokshetau-Atbasar highway, the road to the city of Shchuchinsk and the settlements of the region and the region. Population – 7.6 thousand people. (2017)
Zerendinsky district is located in the north of Akmola region. The area has a rich natural landscape and historical monuments. The area in the south borders on the land of the Sandyktau district, in the north from Kokshetau, in the northwest with the North-Kazakhstan oblast, in the east with the Burabai district. Zerendinsky district was founded in 1935.
In 1997, there was an association with the former Kokshetau district. The area is 8.0 thousand sq. Km of land. A resident of 43,8 thousand people (2006). There are 6 people per square kilometer. 85 rural settlements in the region are united in 11 rural, 3 settlement administrative districts. The district center is with. Zerenda. The relief is a south-western part of the Akmola region flat with separate hills, a shallow hill. Large mountains: Zerenda (587 m.), Jylandy (609 m), Karaungir, and others.
“South of Kokshetau, fifty kilometers away, is the Zerenda – it’s part of a vast territory, distinguished by mountains and hills covered with dense forest, with several lakes and streams located on the Kokshetau Upland, a huge pink granite mass lying in the folded areas of the earth’s crust. In places, the plains are intersected by river valleys, often penetrating deep canyons in their channels … “(Tereshuk VA Routes Kokshetau, Alma-Ata, Kainar, 1985).
In the area there are deposits of gold, pink granite, dolomite, stone, sand suitable for construction, kaolin, therapeutic clay.
The climate is sharply continental: the winter is long (snow 140-160 days subject), cold, little snow (20 cm), in summer – warm and dry.
From the south to the north the Shagalaly river flows, from which the right channel of Kalshaty flows. In the south of the region, the right tributaries of the Ishim River originate: Zhabai, Arshaly, Koshkarbai. On the land of the district there are many lakes. The largest of them: Zerendinskiy, Karagaillykol, Aidabol, Birkz, Shymyldykty, Kumdykol (fresh water), Karangyungir, Zhamantuz, Zholdybai, Akhmetzhansor.
In the area there are saline solonchaks, rich in dark brown and dark brown soils. In the north, the area is surrounded by forests mainly poplar and birch. On the slopes of the hills pine coniferous forests grow.
In the village of Maly Tyukt grow birch groves, poplar forests. In the forests grow black currant, raspberry, bird cherry, dog rose, blackberry.
In open rocky places, on the plain grow shrubs, grassland, perennial grasses, wormwood.
In the forest there are wolf, elk, roe deer, hare, fox, corsac, marmot, squirrel, rodents in the steppe. In the steppe, on the shores of lakes there live water birds, more than 200 species. In the district there are forestry enterprises and their subdivisions: Kuibyshevsky, Samarbai, Zerenda, Malyi Tyukty, and others. Large settlements: Aidabol, Alekseyevka, Zerenda, Chaglinka, Yelenovka, Viktorovka, Kuropatkino, Simferopolskoe, Akkol.
The main branches of the economy of the Zerenda region are agriculture and animal husbandry. The area of agricultural use is 642.4 thousand hectares (2008), including 233.7 thousand hectares of arable land, 112 thousand hectares of fertile land, 3.1 thousand hectares of meadowland and 278.2 thousand hectares of pastureland . The forest covers 85.9 thousand hectares.
Mount Zhylandy, located 20 kilometers west of the village Zerenda. At the foot of the mountain passes the river Shagalaly through the valley. Along the river bed there are groups of wild boars, on the slopes of mountains in the forests, there are moose, roe deer, maral and other artiodactyl animals.
In the summer of 1824, on the shore of the picturesque Lake Zerendinskoye, the Cossacks from Siberia built six residential wooden houses.
In 1836, Zerende was given the status of a village
Since 1840, immigrants from Khabarovsk province, Poltava and Saratov districts, from Mordovia began to arrive in Zerenda.
In 1850 Zerenda from Vorpost was transformed into a Cossack village
1878 – the first mention of the Zerendinskoe forestry [source is not specified 683 days]
1898 – the first state forest inventory was carried out, borders, boundary marks
1914-1917 – a demarcation stone wall was erected, built by captive Austrians. She divided the forest into state, local, church.
1930 – organized the collective farm “Krasnoarmeets”
1935 – the Zerendi district was formed. In its composition at that time included 70 villages with a total population of 26,123 people
1954 – beginning of development of virgin lands in the Zerenda region
1965 – the connection of consumers to the power system began. The district of electric networks
1967 – an energy saving organization was created. Its first head was Valery Grigorievich Sharov
1974 – 1976 – the first ski base in Zerde was built
1977 – Monument to soldiers of the Great Patriotic War was unveiled
Zerenda – a settlement of Russian Cossacks arose in connection with the decree of the Russian Tsar Alexander I “On the Siberian Kirghiz” in the 20-40s of the XIX century. The period of the protectorate of the Russian Empire in relation to the Kazakh Khanate was completed. To the south of Kokshetau on the shore of Lake Zerend in 1824 the first settlements of the Russian Cossacks as a settlement were founded. Earlier this region was the pasture of the volost Tirzhan. Local people about the fair and rich ancestors of the volost said: “If you’re Bee, be like Tynybek, if you’re rich, be like the Hangar.” After securing the village on the shore of the lake, Tirzhan went to the western side of the Zerendinskaya mountain. Tirzhan kazy was distinguished for his generosity and religiosity, his grave is located in the west of the village of Baiterek.
The policy of the Russian administration on depriving the land of local indigenous people and for losing the traditional economy is described in “Materials on Kyrgyz land use Akmola region. Kokchetavsky uyezd “published in 1898:” The transition from one order to another was caused not only by the accumulation and growth of crisis phenomena in the development of the nomadic aul caused by internal causes, but also by external factors, the most important of which were peasant migrations. So, in particular, when in a number of villages of the Zerendinsky volost of Kokchetav Uyezd, part of the wintering areas with haymaking grounds moved to resettlement settlements, the remaining mowing Kazakhs began to divide into four equal parts, verifying each by 10 owners, which in turn “… mow the hay together and divide it equally with stumps among themselves. ” [18 Materials on Kyrgyz land use … Akmola region. Kokchetavsky district. Voronezh, 1898. T. I. P. S. 123 – 127.]
The history of the Zerendinsky district began on January 9, 1935, as part of the Karaganda region.
At that time, the total population of the district (70 villages) was 26,123 people. Since July 29, 1936, in connection with territorial changes, the district was transferred to the North-Kazakhstan region. Since October 14, 1939, he joined the Akmola region. Since March 15, 1944, the Zerenda region has become part of the Kokchetav region. After the difficulties of the Soviet period and the post-war years, the culture and economy of the region began to grow. Foci of culture and large farms for the cultivation of livestock and grain developed. The everyday life improved and the number of the multinational population of the district increased.
50 km from the city of Kokshetau there is a village Zerenda. Zerenda is a part of a vast territory, distinguished by mountains and hills, covered with forests, small lakes and rivers located on the Kokshetau Upland, forms the basis of the national national park Kokshetau. This region is characterized by relative plains over which separate hills rise and mountain systems. Plains are intersected by river valleys. In places the plains are intersected by river valleys, which often break deep canyons in their channels. Millions of years here, “wind”, rain, frost, and heat “hosted”. Once the high mountains settled, crumbled, crumbled. And now they look low, but very gentle, beautiful and attractive. Even from afar at the entrance to Zerenda can be seen how through bluish haze their bluish peaks are cut.
Before you in all pristine beauty is the Zerendinsky natural oasis, the blue peaks of the mountains, the emerald green carpet of the forest stretching for many tens of kilometers.
Lake Zerenda of huge tectonic origin, characteristic of which is its high position above sea level (370 m), the coastline is not very rugged with beautiful beaches and rarely standing on them with solitary trees, mostly pine. The bottom of the lake is flat, sandy, sometimes covered with pebbles and individual boulders. The length of the lake is 7 km, the depth is 6 km. The water in the lake is fresh, clear, the temperature of the water reaches up to 24 ° C in summer. There are fish in the lake such as, Chebak, ruff, perch, bred peled, ripus, mirror carp. Zerenda is considered one of the most beautiful lakes of this region. This is not only an ornament of nature, but also a favorite place for rest.
Some of the eighty lakes of the Kokshetau region, which became a legend, are located on the grain of the land. Resting on the west in the forest, in the east-entering the plain-Lake Zerendinskoe; densely surrounded by pine forest – Lake Karagaichik, jubilant on the flat plain of Aidabul Lake; located under the hill – Lake Shymyldykty; possessing healing properties – Lake Zhamantuz; Lake Karaungur – with salt water on the western wooded-mountain side and fresh on the eastern plain; rich in fish Kumdykol Lake and many others, are the indisputable wealth of the grain province.
On the territory of Zerendinsky district there are about 14 objects of historical and cultural heritage. All of them belong to archeology, monuments of the Turkic period, Neolithic, Paleolithic, Middle Ages, Bronze Age. Zerendinsky district of Akmola region is famous not only for its historical monuments and mazars but also for its picturesque nature.
A tourist project “Golden Ring” has been developed in the following areas:
1. Zerenda-Akkol (Ualikhan Mazar) -75 km. (1h.12min) (via Kokshetau)
2.Akkol-Kazakstan (Montai batyr) – 9.4 km. (22 min)
3. Kazakstan-Azat (Kosagaly batyr) – 59 km (1 hour.7 minutes) (via Kokshetau)
4.Azat-Cucap (Kalak batyr) -6.9 km (17 min)
5.Kusep-Kyzylagash (Aktokty) – 101.1 km (2 hours) (via Kokshetau)
6. Kyzylagash-Aidarly (Dusen bi, excavations) – 130 km (2 hours 26 minutes)
7. Aidarly-Koshkarbai, Keneutkul (Balkadisha, excavations) -5.5km (11 min)
8. Koshkarbai-Yermakovka (waterfall) -27km (52 min)
9.Ermakovka-Baiterek (Tirzhan kazhi) – 17 km (25 min)
10. Baiterek-Zerenda (Sunkar, Austrian wall, homestead) -50 km (45 min)
11. Zerenda-Kokterek (Aulieu Taz) -14 km. (26 min)
12.Kokterek – Small Tents (Asat) -25km (46 min)
13. Small-Tyuktians -Bogenbay bi -98 km. (2h.30min)
Zerendinskaya land, with its blue lakes and transparent springs, pine forests and birch groves, poplar and talnic depressions, feather grass plains. Nature is very similar to Borovoe. The composition of the air is rich in ozone, and the influence of numerous pine forests can be seen. For forest tourists are laid forest roads. In addition to roads for cars and pedestrians, there are bicycles and roads for horses. In winter there is the opportunity to get on skis.
On the territory of the Zerenda recreation area there are sanatorium-and-spa facilities: the Karagaili holiday center, the Zeren Plus recreation center, the Sunkar wellness complex, the Malinovy cape, the Malik Gabdullin health camp, the Eurasian University sports camp, recreation centers “Ak Kain”, “Green Cape”, “Ushkyn”, “Vostochnaya”, the sports base of the amateur union of veterans of skiing, the house of the forester of SNPP “Kokshetau”. Roadside cafe Keremet, Meeting, Inessa, Nur Aul, camping Komek, motel Oasis, guest house Kalkaman.
To organize a more complete rest in the area, there is a ski-track, a stadium, 11 ecological trekking routes. According to these routes there are picturesque hills, rocks and stone statues.